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Bronchial Asthma

Bronchial asthma is a  condition in which the airway path of the lungs becomes swollen and narrow. The air path produces excess mucus leading to cough, short breath, and wheezing. This medical condition interferes with daily work. Bronchial Asthma can attack at any age. The root cause of the condition is still unclear. Bronchial asthma extensively depends upon environmental and hereditary factors. Family history is the risk factor of bronchial asthma. If left untreated, it can be fatal. The recent survey claims that more than 1 million cases of bronchial asthma are reported every year in India. The preventive measures include an adequate diet, a proper exercise routine, and healthy living. This disease is curable and inhalers help to get control of asthma attacks.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that attacks your lungs and can spread to other parts of your body. Two forms of disease include latent TB & Active TB. Latent TB appears with no symptoms. To diagnose it, a skin or blood test helps. persistent cough for 3 times, coughing up with the blood, Night sweats, Chills, Fever, Loss of appetite, Weight loss are the symptoms of active TB. Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread through the air, just like a cold or from a TB infected person. You have to take medications for at least 6 to 9 months to cure tuberculosis.

Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion is made up of excess fluid in-between the layers of the pleura outside the lungs. Symptoms such as chest pain, nonproductive cough, dyspnea, and orthopnea. Treatment options include surgery. Recovery of Pleural effusion depends on the cause, size, and severity as well as your overall health. Treatment focuses on removing extra fluid from the pleural space. Primary goal is to reduce symptoms and treat any key medical conditions. Thoracentesis is one of the most common procedures to remove extra fluid. This involves ultrasound to locate the fluid and a hollow needle to release it. Medications and surgery also available for pleural effusion.

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD is a group of progressive lung diseases. Symptoms include breathing difficulty, cough, mucus (sputum) production, and wheezing. With proper management, people with COPD can achieve a good quality of life.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the nation’s leading cancer-related death. As estimated 1.6 million lung cancer-related deaths are caused every year. Smoking is a major contributor to lung cancer. It is communicable by contact to the liver, adrenal glands, bones, and even the brain. Treatment Therapy includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, and immunotherapy.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. It can cause cough with pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can also be life-threatening. 

Pre employment fitness from pulmonary wise

Pulmonary rehabilitation is the agenda of education and exercise to increase an awareness about lungs & their diseases. You will learn to find exercises with less shortness of breath. Aerobic events like walking, jogging, running or jumping rope give your heart and lungs the kind of workout they need to work effortlessly. Muscle strengthening activities like weight-lifting, working with resistance bands, climbing stairs, push-ups, sit-ups, squats, cycling and toning your breathing muscles.

Occupational lung diseases 

A group of lung diseases that close the airflow and make it difficult to breathe. Group of long diseases which are most common such as COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Damage to the lungs from COPD can’t be recalled. Symptoms include trouble in breathing, shortness of breath, wheezing. There’s currently no cure but treatment can help to slow down the progression of the condition and control the symptoms. Foods that repair lungs are apples, peppers, green tea, blueberries, etc., Vitamin D & Vitamin C helps to function the lungs better. Rescue inhalers or oral steroids can help to control symptoms and minimize further damage.

Sleep related breathing disorders etc.

Obstructive sleep apnea is common in sleep-related breathing disorders. It makes you start and stop breathing repeatedly while you are in sleep.

This type of apnea occurs when your throat muscles occasionally relax and block your airway at the time of sleep. Snoring is the indication of obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can cause significant daytime drowsiness. Making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and exercising regularly, can help reduce the severity of OSA. However, they may not resolve the condition completely and need to be combined with other therapies and treatment. Quitting smoking or never starting to smoke can help prevent and/or treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Smoking can cause a more severe form of OSA and increased daytime sleepiness. Sleeping on your back is a threat for sleep apnea.

PFT (Pulmonary Function Tests)

Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a group of tests that measure how well your lungs work. This includes how well you’re able to breathe and how effective your lungs are at bringing oxygen to the rest of your body. PFTs are also known as lung function tests.

PEFR

PEFR): The peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) test measures how fast a person can exhale. The PEFR test can help you discover when you need to adjust your medication. It can also determine whether environmental factors or pollutants are affecting your breathing.

Health education about lung diseases and sleep hygiene

Sleep hygiene is a behavioral and environmental practice implemented in the late 1970s as a method to help people. Sleep hygiene tips include maintain a regular sleep routine, avoid daytime naps, take fresh air, don’t watch the TV continuously for a long time, etc., 

Some healthy habits can improve your sleep by going to bed at the same time each night and waking up every morning at the same time. Poor sleep hygiene signs such as irritability, yawning frequently, excessive drowsiness, and more.